Although the incidence of Diabetes mellitus in cats is between 1-2%, it appears to be developing at an alarming rate as obesity becomes a serious health problem for out pets. As in humans, this disease is the inability to produce enough insulin to balance blood sugar levels . Left untreated, it lead to symptoms such as weight loss, loss of appetite, vomiting , extreme thirst and urination, eventual dehydration, coma, and even death.
Diet control is certainly an important component in treatment of this disease. Generally a low-carbohydrate diet is probably best for cats with diabetes and special food needs to be purchased. DM food is available for cats in both wet and dry food. Another treatment is insulin therapy. It is important that owners work with their veterinarian to adjust a cat’s insulin dose. Blood tests will determine whether your cat’s blood glucose is elevated and how your cat is responding to diet and insulin therapy. Properly treated, your cat can live for many years with this disease.